Forest based products as important as sink for climate mitigation
#CEPI, the Confederation of European Paper Industries, has launched a new study on the ‘Climate effect of the forest based sector in the European Union’.
For the first time, a scientific study quantifies the ‘substitution effect’ which consists of preventing #CO2 emissions moving away from fossil based materials, and couples it with existing data on process emissions, CO2 removed by the #forest and the CO2 stored in forest products.
Dr Holmgren, the study author and former director general of the Centre for International Forestry Research, presented the study key findings: ‘The results show that forests and forest based products remove a net of 806 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalents annually. This corresponds to 20% of all fossil emissions in the European Union,’ he said. He explained that the circular bio-economy model allows for a better calculation of the positive climate impact by considering the forests together with the circularity of the value chain.
Alfonso Gutierrez-Teira, head of sector for forestry and bio-economy at DG AGRI, emphasised that it is crucial to align the European climate neutrality law with other planned legislation review namely LULUCF, Energy efficiency, Renewable Energy and the upcoming proposal on a new EU Adaptation Strategy.
Regarding the EU Forest Strategy planned for the first quarter of 2021, he said that there are many different pressures on forest that the European Commission will need to manage when drafting the strategy. He commented that it is essential to find a balance between 1) afforestation and forest restoration, 2) forest resilience and protection, 3) sustainable forest management of all European forests, 4) building the new EU growth model and contributing to the different dimensions of the Green Deal. Finally, he concluded that the new CEPI study helps the sector contribute to the discussions and confirmed that the new EU Forest Strategy will take into account the role of the Forest-based industries.
CEPI director general Jori Ringman said, ‘The radical thing about the substitution effect is that it is immediate and significant: unlike most other climate change mitigation options, increased substitution is available here and now. We need EU policies that support consumers to move from high carbon products to low carbon forest based products. We need to keep fossil carbon in the ground and to make responsibly sourced bio based raw materials more available and easier to access.’
Fanny-Pomme Langue, secretary general at the Confederation of European Forest Owners (CEPF) highlighted that Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) is essential to contribute to the three main climate benefits – Sequestration, Storage and Substitution. ‘SFM is the tool to maintain carbon sink while increasing carbon storage in EU forests and wood products and substituting fossil based products and energy. It is also the solution to manage the growing risk and uncertainty related to natural disturbances,’ she said.
According to Margherita Miceli, policy officer, European Confederation of Woodworking industries (CEI-Bois), with climate neutrality as a key goal of the European Green Deal, the study confirms that forest based industries are one of the green and resilient European industrial ecosystems that can help build the transition towards a carbon neutral economy by 2050.